Supination / under pronation
Underpronation is the opposite of overpronation - your feet don't roll inwards enough. This is often happens if the arches of your feet are high. This causes excessive weight on the outside bone of your foot. As with overpronation, this results in poor cushioning for your body which may make stress fractures more likely.People who underpronate should wear cushioned trainers with maximum shock absorption to reduce the stress on their lower legs and back.
Pronation/ over pronation
Many models of running shoes are now especially designed for those who pronate as well as those with a standard gait.
This occurs when the foot rolls inwards too much. This causes your weight to spread unevenly, putting excessive weight on your big toe. This puts increased stress on your bones, muscles and tendons. It can also cause your leg to turn inwards putting your knee and hip out of alignment.
Overpronation can be a factor in the developing many common overuse running injuries such as Achilles tendinopathy, medial tibial stress syndrome and Bunions.
Most people overpronate slightly, especially people with flat feet. These people should wear motion control or stability trainers to help control the excessive rolling inwards motion and maintain good alignment. Additionally, overpronation can be corrected using orthotics. Orthotics are special in-soles that fit in your shoes, for example, arch supports.
Mizuno - Wave Rider, Wave Creation
Asics - flux , Cumulus, Landreth, Nimbus
New Balance - 882, 1061
Saucony - Trigon Ride, Triumph
Adidas - Boston, Supernova Cushion, Adistar
Nike - Pegasus, Vomero
Trail shoes doesn't correct under pronator however some might be more suitable, the only factor you really need to consider when buying them is what terrain are you considering running over?
however those one are sold, more comfy for under pronation.
Brooks - adrenaline ASR / Cascadia / Pure Grit 3
Salomon - XA Pro 3D
Asics - GT 2000
Adidas - kanadia trail
Over pronation Trail:
Trail shoes doesn't correct over pronator however some might be more suitable, the only factor you really need to consider when buying them is what terrain are you considering running over? however those one are sold, more comfy for over pronation.
Salomon - S-Lab Fellcross 3 / fellraiser
Saucony - Peregrine 4Inov-8 Trailroc 245